FedEx Corp. Reports Third Quarter Results
MEMPHIS, Tenn., March 19, 2019 … FedEx Corp. today reported the following consolidated results for the third quarter ended February 28 (adjusted measures exclude the items listed below for the applicable year):
|Fiscal 2019||Fiscal 2018|
|Revenue||$17.0 billion||$17.0 billion||$16.5 billion||$16.5 billion|
|Operating income||$911 million||$984 million||$858 million||$964 million|
|Net income||$739 million||$797 million||$2.07 billion||$1.02 billion|
This year’s quarterly consolidated results have been adjusted to exclude TNT Express integration expenses and business realignment costs. Last year’s quarterly consolidated results were adjusted to exclude TNT Express integration expenses and the benefit of an estimated $1.15 billion reduction in the company’s net U.S. deferred tax liability attributable to the lower statutory rate enacted as part of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). The adjustments are as follows:
|Impact per diluted share||Third Quarter|
|Fiscal 2019||Fiscal 2018|
|TNT Express integration expenses||$0.21||$0.34|
|Business realignment costs||0.01||—|
|Net U.S. deferred tax liability remeasurement||—||(4.21)|
“Our third quarter financial results were below our expectations and we are focused on initiatives to improve our performance,” said Frederick W. Smith, FedEx Corp. chairman and chief executive officer. “Our investments in innovation, network infrastructure and automation will increase our competitiveness and drive long-term earnings growth. FedEx built and operates the preeminent global parcel and logistics network, and we have a lengthy track record of success.”
Third Quarter Results
Operating income improved due to lower variable incentive compensation expenses, U.S. volume growth, a favorable net impact of fuel at all transportation segments and increased yields at FedEx Freight and FedEx Ground. Partially offsetting these benefits were higher costs at FedEx Ground, driven in part by increased purchased transportation rates and the January launch of year-round, six-day-per-week operations. Also, FedEx Express international revenue declined as a result of lower yields and unfavorable exchange rates. FedEx Express international and U.S. yields were down due primarily to higher growth in lower-yielding services and lower weight per shipment.
Net income includes tax benefits of $90 million ($0.34 per diluted share) from the recognition of certain tax loss carryforwards and approximately $60 million ($0.23 per diluted share) as a result of the enactment of the TCJA, primarily from a lower statutory income tax rate. These items were partially offset by a tax expense of $50 million ($0.19 per diluted share) related to new lower rates in the Netherlands applied to deferred tax balances. Last year’s results included a tax benefit of approximately $200 million ($0.75 per diluted share) from a pension contribution and a tax benefit of approximately $120 million ($0.44 per diluted share) attributable to a lower statutory income tax rate under the TCJA on first-half fiscal 2018 earnings.
“Slowing international macroeconomic conditions and weaker global trade growth trends continue, as seen in the year-over-year decline in our FedEx Express international revenue,” said Alan B. Graf, Jr., FedEx Corp. executive vice president and chief financial officer. “We have launched our voluntary employee buyout program, constrained our hiring, are limiting discretionary spending and are reviewing additional actions to mitigate the lower-than-expected revenue trends.”
FedEx is unable to forecast the fiscal 2019 year-end mark-to-market (MTM) retirement plan accounting adjustments. As a result, the company is unable to provide a fiscal 2019 earnings per share or effective tax rate (ETR) outlook on a GAAP basis.
FedEx is now forecasting for fiscal 2019:
- Earnings of $11.95 to $13.10 per diluted share before year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments;
- Earnings of $15.10 to $15.90 per diluted share before year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments and excluding TNT Express integration expenses, costs related to a FedEx Ground legal matter, costs associated with business realignment activities (including the U.S.-based voluntary employee buyout program) and the revision to the provisional benefit from the remeasurement of the net U.S. deferred tax liability included in fiscal 2018 earnings;
- ETR of 22% to 23% prior to year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments; and
- Capital spending of $5.6 billion.
These forecasts assume moderate U.S. domestic economic growth and no further weakening in international economic conditions from the company’s current forecast. FedEx’s ETR and earnings per share outlooks are based on the company’s current interpretations of the TCJA and related regulations and guidance, and are subject to change based on future guidance, as well as FedEx’s ability to defend its interpretations.
Fiscal 2019 pre-tax cash costs related to business realignment activities, including the voluntary buyout program for eligible U.S.-based employees, are expected to total $450 million to $575 million and should predominantly occur in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2019. Actual costs will depend on acceptance rates. Savings from business realignment activities are expected to be $225 million to $275 million in fiscal 2020. Similar programs are likely for employees in international regions.
FedEx continues to make progress on the integration of FedEx Express and TNT Express operations. In February, FedEx Express began to integrate its intra-European shipments into the TNT Express European road network. With this development, FedEx Express customers in Europe will on average see at least one business day of transit time improvement on 40% of all European lanes, with the full implementation expected in June.
Europe accounts for a significant percentage of the combined FedEx Express and TNT Express international revenue, workforce and facilities. Integration activities in Europe are complex and require consultations with works councils and employee representatives in a number of countries. While substantial progress on integration activities is expected to occur in fiscal 2020, particularly in Europe, integration work will continue into fiscal 2021.
Integration expenses are expected to exceed $1.5 billion cumulatively through fiscal 2021 and additional costs may be incurred related to investments that will further transform and optimize the FedEx Express business. The timing and amount of integration expenses and other investments in any future period may change as plans are revised and implemented. The forecast for fiscal 2019 integration expenses is down slightly to $435 million.
“We are focused on offering innovative e-commerce solutions, increasing our revenue quality, reducing our cost to serve and completing the integration of TNT Express,” said Rajesh Subramaniam, FedEx Corp. president and chief operating officer. “We remain confident in the long-term strategic value of the FedEx Express/TNT Express combination and look forward to realizing the synergies from a single pickup-and-delivery network, single air and road network, back-office efficiencies and sustained revenue growth.”
FedEx Corp. (NYSE: FDX) provides customers and businesses worldwide with a broad portfolio of transportation, e-commerce and business services. With annual revenues of $69 billion, the company offers integrated business solutions through operating companies competing collectively and managed collaboratively, under the respected FedEx brand. Consistently ranked among the world’s most admired and trusted employers, FedEx inspires its more than 450,000 team members to remain focused on safety, the highest ethical and professional standards and the needs of their customers and communities. To learn more about how FedEx connects people and possibilities around the world, please visit about.fedex.com.
Additional information and operating data are contained in the company’s annual report, Form 10-K, Form 10-Qs, Form 8-Ks, and Statistical Books. These materials, as well as a webcast of the earnings release conference call to be held at 5:30 p.m. EDT on March 19, are available on the company’s website at investors.fedex.com. A replay of the conference call webcast will be posted on our website following the call.
The Investor Relations page of our website, investors.fedex.com, contains a significant amount of information about FedEx, including our Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings and financial and other information for investors. The information that we post on our Investor Relations website could be deemed to be material information. We encourage investors, the media and others interested in the company to visit this website from time to time, as information is updated and new information is posted.
Certain statements in this press release may be considered forward-looking statements, such as statements relating to management’s views with respect to future events and financial performance. Such forward-looking statements are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors which could cause actual results to differ materially from historical experience or from future results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Potential risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, economic conditions in the global markets in which we operate, a significant data breach or other disruption to our technology infrastructure, anti-trade measures and changes in international trade policies, our ability to successfully integrate the businesses and operations of FedEx Express and TNT Express in the expected time frame and at the expected cost and to achieve the expected benefits from the combined businesses, the impact of the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union and the terms of its withdrawal, if it ultimately occurs, changes in fuel prices or currency exchange rates, our ability to match capacity to shifting volume levels, evolving or new U.S. domestic or international government regulation, future guidance, regulations, interpretations or challenges to our tax positions relating to the TCJA and our ability to defend our interpretations and realize the benefits of certain provisions of the TCJA, our ability to effectively operate, integrate, leverage and grow acquired businesses, our ability to successfully implement our cost-reduction initiatives and productivity enhancements, legal challenges or changes related to owner-operators engaged by FedEx Ground and the drivers providing services on their behalf, disruptions or modifications in service by, or changes in the business or financial soundness of, the U.S. Postal Service, the impact of any international conflicts or terrorist activities, our ability to successfully mitigate unique operational and regulatory risks relating to developments in technology and other factors which can be found in FedEx Corp.’s and its subsidiaries’ press releases and FedEx Corp.’s filings with the SEC. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made. We do not undertake or assume any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
TO GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
The company reports its financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP” or “reported”). We have supplemented the reporting of our financial information determined in accordance with GAAP with certain non-GAAP (or “adjusted”) financial measures, including our adjusted third quarter fiscal 2019 and 2018 consolidated operating income and margin, net income and diluted earnings per share, and adjusted third quarter fiscal 2019 and 2018 FedEx Express segment operating income and margin. These financial measures have been adjusted to exclude the impact of the following items (as applicable):
- TNT Express integration expenses incurred in fiscal 2019 and 2018;
- Business realignment costs incurred in fiscal 2019; and
- Net U.S. deferred tax liability remeasurement during fiscal 2018.
We have incurred and expect to incur significant expenses through fiscal 2021, and may incur additional expenses thereafter, in connection with our integration of TNT Express. We have adjusted our third quarter fiscal 2019 and 2018 consolidated financial measures and the FedEx Express segment third quarter fiscal 2019 and 2018 financial measures to exclude TNT Express integration expenses because we generally would not incur such expenses as part of our continuing operations. The integration expenses are predominantly incremental costs directly associated with the integration of TNT Express, including professional and legal fees, salaries and employee benefits, advertising expenses and travel. Internal salaries and employee benefits are included only to the extent the individuals are assigned full-time to integration activities. The integration expenses also include any restructuring charges at TNT Express.
Costs related to business realignment activities (including the U.S.-based voluntary employee buyout program) are excluded from our third quarter fiscal 2019 consolidated non-GAAP financial measures because they are unrelated to our core operating performance and to assist investors with assessing trends in our underlying businesses.
The provisional benefit from the remeasurement of our net U.S. deferred tax liability as of the date of the enactment of the TCJA is excluded from our third quarter fiscal 2018 consolidated non-GAAP financial measures because it results from the non-recurring impact of a significant change in the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate due to the enactment of the TCJA on our overall deferred tax position, which accumulated over many reporting periods prior to enactment. The adjustment to our third quarter fiscal 2018 consolidated financial measures related to the TCJA includes only this transitional impact.
We have not included the benefit from our incremental pension contribution made in February 2018 and deductible against our prior year taxes at 35% in the adjustment because the contribution was made in connection with our ongoing pension management strategy. Additionally, we have not included the benefit attributable to the phase-in of the reduced tax rate applied to our fiscal 2018 earnings in the adjustment because the impact of the reduced tax rate on current year earnings will be ongoing. Finally, we have not included the provisional benefit related to the one-time transition tax on previously deferred foreign earnings in the adjustment because the amount of this provisional benefit at the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2018 was not material to our overall tax position.
We believe these adjusted financial measures facilitate analysis and comparisons of our ongoing business operations because they exclude items that may not be indicative of, or are unrelated to, the company’s and our business segments’ core operating performance, and may assist investors with comparisons to prior periods and assessing trends in our underlying businesses. These adjustments are consistent with how management views our businesses. Management uses these non-GAAP financial measures in making financial, operating and planning decisions and evaluating the company’s and each business segment’s ongoing performance.
Our non-GAAP measures are intended to supplement and should be read together with, and are not an alternative or substitute for, and should not be considered superior to, our reported financial results. Accordingly, users of our financial statements should not place undue reliance on these non-GAAP financial measures. Because non-GAAP financial measures are not standardized, it may not be possible to compare these financial measures with other companies’ non-GAAP financial measures having the same or similar names. As required by SEC rules, the tables below present a reconciliation of our presented non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures.
Fiscal 2019 Earnings Per Share and ETR Forecasts
Our fiscal 2019 earnings per share (EPS) forecast is a non-GAAP financial measure because it excludes the fiscal 2019 year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments, estimated fiscal 2019 TNT Express integration expenses, costs related to a FedEx Ground legal matter, estimated fiscal 2019 business realignment costs and the fiscal 2019 revision to the provisional benefit from the remeasurement of our net U.S. deferred tax liability included in our fiscal 2018 earnings. Our fiscal 2019 ETR forecast is a non-GAAP financial measure because it excludes the impact of the fiscal 2019 year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments.
We have provided these non-GAAP financial measures for the same reasons that were outlined above for historical non-GAAP measures. The fiscal 2019 year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments and costs related to the settlement of a legal matter involving FedEx Ground are excluded from our fiscal 2019 EPS and ETR forecasts, as described for each measure above, because they are unrelated to our core operating performance and to assist investors with assessing trends in our underlying businesses.
The fiscal 2019 revision to the provisional benefit from the remeasurement of our net U.S. deferred tax liability included in our fiscal 2018 earnings is excluded from our fiscal 2019 EPS forecast for the same reasons described above for the initial provisional benefit excluded from our third quarter fiscal 2018 consolidated financial measures. Estimated fiscal 2019 TNT Express integration expenses and business realignment costs are excluded from our fiscal 2019 EPS forecast for the same reasons described above for historical non-GAAP measures.
We are unable to predict the amount of the year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments, as they are significantly impacted by changes in interest rates and the financial markets, so such adjustments are not included in our fiscal 2019 EPS and ETR forecasts. For this reason, a full reconciliation of our fiscal 2019 EPS and ETR forecasts to the most directly comparable GAAP measures is impracticable. It is reasonably possible, however, that our fiscal 2019 year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments could have a material impact on our fiscal 2019 consolidated financial results and ETR.
The table included below titled “Fiscal 2019 Earnings Per Share Forecast” outlines the impacts of the items that are excluded from our fiscal 2019 EPS forecast, other than the year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments.
Third Quarter Fiscal 2019
|Dollars in millions, except EPS|
|TNT Express integration expenses4||69||0.4%||14||55||0.21|
|Business realignment costs5||4||0.0%||1||3||0.01|
|FedEx Express Segment|
|Dollars in millions|
|TNT Express integration expenses||56||0.6%|
Third Quarter Fiscal 2018
|Dollars in millions, except EPS|
|Net U.S. deferred tax liability remeasurement||—||—||1,150||(1,150)||(4.21)|
|TNT Express integration expenses4||106||0.6%||14||92||0.34|
|FedEx Express Segment|
|Dollars in millions|
|TNT Express integration expenses||86||0.9%|
Fiscal 2019 Earnings Per Share Forecast
|Dollars in millions, except EPS|
|Earnings per diluted share before year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments (non-GAAP)6,7||$11.95 to $13.10|
|TNT Express integration expenses||$435|
|Income tax effect1||(85)|
|Net of tax effect||$350||1.32|
|FedEx Ground legal matter||$46|
|Income tax effect1||—|
|Net of tax effect||$46||0.17|
|Net U.S. deferred tax liability remeasurement||$—|
|Income tax effect1||(4)|
|Net of tax effect||$4||0.02|
|Business realignment costs5||$575 to $450|
|Income tax effect1||(140) to (110)|
|Net of tax effect||$435 to $340||1.64 to 1.29|
|Earnings per diluted share with|
|$15.10 to $15.90|
|1||–||Income taxes are based on the company’s approximate statutory tax rates applicable to each transaction, and give consideration to the effects of the TCJA on the applicable rates.|
|2||–||Effect of “Total other (expense) income” on net income amount not shown.|
|3||–||Does not sum to total due to rounding.|
|4||–||These expenses, including restructuring charges, were recognized at FedEx Corporate and FedEx Express.|
|5||–||Business realignment costs are recognized at FedEx Corporate.|
|6||–||The year-end MTM retirement plan accounting adjustments, which are impracticable to calculate at this time, are excluded.|
|7||–||Previous forecast was $12.65 to $13.40. Using the same methodology in the above table for the adjustment for business realignment activities, the previous forecast should have been $12.30 to $13.75.|
|8||–||Previous forecast was $15.50 to $16.60.|